Saturday, July 15, 2017

Jane Wood Johnston Mitchell/Michel notes (circa 1891), part 4

Columbia, S.C. in 1850. Circled in red: shops run by E. W. and A. S. Johnston in the late 1820s
[Jane Mary Wood Johnston Michel (aka Mitchell) [at Washington City for Robert Morton Hughes at Norfolk, Virginia, circa 1891.] Box 3, folder 9, Robert Morton Hughes Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Patricia W. and J. Douglas Perry Library, Old Dominion University Libraries, Norfolk, VA 23529. This is my rough, annotated transcription from a copy graciously provided by William Myers. Extra paragraph breaks added for emphasis and easier reading.]

[Re: Joseph Eggleston Johnston.]

After graduating, he was stationed for a year or more at Governor’s Island, N.Y.

The next place, as well as I recollect, was Fortress Monroe, where he spent quite a long time.

Next, I believe, was Washington.

In 1832, South Carolina having “nullified” & being in a state bordering on war, every gentleman being a volunteer for military service. Pres: Jackson sent a body of U.S. troops to Charleston to quell the revolt. 

Joseph was Lieut. in one of the regiments, & had the pleasing prospect of fighting his own brothers, Edward, Sydney, & Benjamin, who were all "minute men" (that is, training daily to be ready to go to battle at a minute's notice). He got leave to come up to Columbia to see us all, however, & we had a peaceful visit from him of two days, when he rejoined his regiment.

Thanks to Old Hickory, the war was nipped in the bud. 

[Compare with the final version from Robert M. Hughes, General Johnston (Great Commanders), New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1893, pages 16-17]: 

Johnston's first military service was as second lieutenant in the Fourth Artillery ; the next, in garrison at New York, followed by similar service at Fortress Monroe. This period, extending from 1829 to 1832, was uneventful, being mainly utilized by him in acquiring that knowledge of the soldier's duty which is essential to success. His first experience in actual campaigning was in the Black Hawk expedition of 1832, under General Scott, in which he participated, though without any opportunity for distinction.

In the fall of this same year the nullification troubles in South Carolina were at their height, and Johnston was with the small body of United States troops stationed at Charleston by President Jackson for the purpose of preserving order. Here the contingencies of civil war were forcibly impressed upon his mind, for three of his brothers resided in Columbia and belonged to the South Carolina minutemen then drilling for the conflict with the United States which everyone expected, and they would have been the first to come into collision with the national forces if matters had proceeded to extremities. Fortunately, events took a turn which prevented them from being confronted in fratricidal strife. From this period till the beginning of 1836 he was on duty at Fortress Monroe and at Fort Macon, North Carolina; and he was also assigned to topographical duty.
Louis McLane estate: Bohemia Farm by E.H. Pickering, HABS photographer via Wikimedia Commons (1936)
[Loose leaf of paper]:

You were misinformed as to the place where he was married. It was the family seat, Bavaria, on the Eastern shore of Maryland. [Close: the actual name was Bohemia, later also called Bohemia Farm.]

[Compare with the final version from Robert M. Hughes, General Johnston (Great Commanders), New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1893, pages 22-23]: 

During this period of comparative rest he had formed the acquaintance of Lydia McLane, daughter of Louis McLane and sister of Robert M. McLane, whose intimacy with Johnston, great even at that early period, continued without interruption during his long life. She was a lady of great personal beauty, and none the less attractive were her qualities of mind and heart. Amid her host of admirers Lieutenant Johnston was so fortunate as to be the favored suitor, and on July 10, 1845, they were married. Their union was a specially happy one. The absence of offspring but served to draw them closer together and make their lives more nearly one. Throughout his distinguished career she was a worthy helpmate, whether in the circles of society or the more sacred one of private life.

The family to which Mrs. Johnston belonged is distinguished in the annals of Delaware and Maryland. Her father was often honored with high office, having served in the House of Representatives, the Senate, also as Minister to England, and as Secretary of the Treasury under Jackson. During Jackson's second administration he was transferred to the Department of State. For many years he was president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. Her brother Robert is also an eminent citizen, having been Governor of Maryland, member of the House of Representatives, and Minister to France, the latter during the administration of President Cleveland.

[Robert Morton Hughes (1855-1940).
Jane Mary Wood Johnston Mitchell/Michel (1811-1892). Note: from the above, she was visiting or temporarily residing in Columbia at some point in 1832. She married Harvey Mitchell (1799-1866) in Abingdon, Virginia, on September 24, 1832.
Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891).

Edward William Johnston (1799-1867)
Algernon Sidney Johnston (1801-1852)
Benjamin Franklin Johnston (1808-1834)
Lydia Milligan Sims McLane (1822-1887)
Louis McLane (1784-1857)
Robert Milligan McLane (1792-1849).]

[Many thanks to Sue Davis, William Myers, Mary Davy and Sally Young for their ongoing research collaboration; in this case, specifically to William for providing a scanned copy of the original document.] 

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